The Human Heart Transplantation surgery involves replacing a failing or diseased heart with a healthy donor heart. Doctors tend to perform Human Heart Transplantation on people when their condition does not improve with other medications and surgical procedures. This involves a major operation and chances of survival are good with proper care.
The procedure involved in Human Heart Transplantation
It is often hard to find a donor heart and a dead person in the brain must donate it, and other members work well on the life support system. The donor heart must match as closely as possible to the patient’s tissue type to avoid the chances of rejection. The process of Human Heart Transplantation begins with general anesthesia. After the doctor cuts through the bone of the chest to reach the heart.
The doctor connects the pulmonary organ through which the blood flows during the operation on the heart. This machine performs the functions of heart and lungs during surgery and supplies blood and oxygen to the body.
The doctor removes the aorta of the patient by bypassing the aorta, the main pulmonary artery and the upper and lower vena nape. Where the left atrium is divided to leave its posterior wall and pulmonary vein openings in place. The doctor connects the donor’s heart by stitching together the donor and recipient vena cavae, the pulmonary artery, the aorta and the left atrium.
The doctor then removes the pulmonary heart machine, where the blood flows through the implanted heart. Then enter the tubes in the sewer, fluid, air and blood out of the chest for several days, so that he can fully extend the lungs.
Complete cardiac transplant
Cases of Human Heart Transplantation
- When a heart attack causes severe damage to the heart.
- In case of severe heart failures when other treatments, medicines and surgeries cannot help.
- Congenital/ severe heart defects that are present at birth cannot be fixed with surgery.
- Abnormal rhythms of heart that are life threatening and do not respond to other treatments.
Doctors often do not perform Human Heart Transplantation in the wake of people who are malnourished, have dementia, HIV, hepatitis, kidney, nerve, lung or liver disease, and are over the age of 65 to 70 Years. The people with diabetes or kidney malfunction, pulmonary hypertension must also avoid heart transplant.
The Risks associated with Human Heart Transplantation.
The various risks associated with anesthesia are breathing problems and reactions to medicine. The surgery may cause bleeding or infection. The risks that are associated with
The transplant are:
• Blood clots and heart attack/stroke.
• Damage to vital organs such as liver, lungs & kidney, high cholesterol, bone thinning, diabetes and cancer risk from the anti- rejection medicines.
• Problem with heart rhythms
• Rejection of heart by the body.
• Severe disease of coronary artery and wound infections.
Procedure before and after Transplant
Before performing transplant the transplant team performs a couple of blood and skin tests to ensure you are a good candidate for transplant. They also test your kidneys and liver. Then perform EKF, ECG and cardiac catheterization to evaluate heart condition. Ultrasound of neck and legs and Tissue and blood typing to ensure the body does not reject the donated heart are also performed.
Post the procedure you may need to stay in hospital for around 7 to 21 days and for the first 2 days you are likely to be in ICU. Close follow ups are needed initially to ensure no infections develop. The recovery period is around 3 months and regular check-up is needed.